Ankle Conditions

Ankle conditions refer to a variety of injuries and disorders that affect the ankle joint. Some common ankle conditions include sprains, strains, fractures, tendonitis, and arthritis. These conditions can be caused by a range of factors, including sports injuries, overuse, and genetics.

Symptoms can include pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited mobility, and treatment may involve physical therapy or surgery in some cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for managing ankle conditions and preventing further damage or complications.

Ankle Instability

Ankle instability is seen in the setting of repeated ankle sprains. The torn lateral (outer) ligaments fail to heal, resulting in a lack of confidence in the ankle, and often associated pain. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition.

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Pain – Post Ankle Sprain

While the majority of ‘simple’ ankle sprains will heal with minimal consequences, more ‘complex’ sprains may result in residual pain. There are several reasons why this may occur, and further investigation is often required.

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Ankle Impingement

Ankle joint impingement can occur for several reasons. It may be localised at the front (anterior), the back (posterior), the outer (lateral) side, or the inner (medial) side of the joint. This condition results in pain/stiffness during motion of the ankle joint.

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Cartilage Damage

Localised cartilage damage can be seen within the ankle joint. This can occur with or without a previous ankle injury or precceding symptoms. This represents a complex condition that requires a detailed assessment and management plan.

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Achilles Tendinitis / Achilles Rupture

The achilles tendon is subject to multiple conditions. Degeneration or ‘inflammation’ of the tendon can occur with resulting pain and impaired function. Acute or chronic ruptures of the tendon can also occur.

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Ankle Arthritis

Ankle arthritis is often seen in the setting of a previous ankle injury. These injuries may have been a break (fracture) of the bone, or a ligament tear. Ankle arthritis can be classified as primary or secondary arthritis.

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